When and in what form can an apple be given to an infant?
At the age of six months, babies begin to get acquainted with first courses that are different from breast milk. Artificially fed crumbs do this a month or two earlier, trying vegetables or porridge. When the time comes for fruit, parents think about which fruit to start with. Pediatricians advise with an apple, so let's look at the benefits of such a fruit, at what age and in what form it can be given to the crumbs, as well as how to choose the best and high-quality apples for the baby.
Apples are a source of a large number of substances valuable to the child's body. Among them are pectins and fiber, which help remove harmful elements from the intestines and improve digestive function. Fresh apple quenches thirst and increases appetite, as it is rich in water and organic salts.
Recently plucked apples are a valuable source of vitamin C, magnesium, phosphorus, zinc, group B vitamins, copper and other minerals. In these fruits there is fruit sugar, which will charge the baby with energy. In addition, apples contain a lot of flavonoids, so these fresh fruits are especially important in the diet of children living in large cities.
Dentists also advise children to eat apples, as this fruit provides gum massage, cleaning the space between the teeth and removing plaque. This will save milk teeth from caries.
If you are going to give an apple to a child, you should remember that some varieties of these fruits can be dangerous for children who are prone to allergies. It's about red apples, which even after removing the peel can cause a reaction in babies. But the use of green fruits can rarely give allergies, and therefore it is advised to start the introduction of apples into the children's diet with green fruits.
Also, the appearance of apples in the menu, many kids react to changes in the chair. Even if the crumb takes this fruit perfectly, but eats it in excess, it will suffer from flatulence and swelling. In addition, a large number of apples due to the impact on the acidity in the stomach can cause gastritis.
With how many months is it better to give babies?
Babies, who began to lure at 4 months of age, since they are bottle-fed, either the nursing mother does not have enough milk or for another reason, an apple can be given at 5 months. It is administered in the form of apple puree in the fourth feeding - after giving crumbs up to 30 grams of this fruit, the infant is fed with milk (breast or mixture).
Bottle-fed babies, 6 months old 60 grams of applesauce can be eaten at 4 feeding.
At this age, with the apple, you can introduce and breastfed babies who have already tried the vegetable supplements and the first gruel. So children applesauce give in the amount of up to 30 grams.
At seven months old, babies can eat 60-70 grams of apple sauce. At the same time, for 7 months already, it is already possible to give apple juice to the little artificials. It begins to add to the third feeding, first with a small amount, increasing to 30 ml. Breastfed babies get apple juice from 8 months.
How to cook apples for the first feeding?
Peeled apple rubbed on a plastic grater, so as not to lose vitamin C. The resulting mashed potatoes without sweetening offer toddler in small quantities (up to half a teaspoon).
For the first samples, it is enough to scrape off some apple pulp from the whole peeled fruit. Later, when the portion of applesauce increases, it is more convenient for some mothers to use a blender to grind these fruits.
2-3 weeks after the start of the introduction of fruit foods in the form of apple crumbs, you can begin to give a combination of apples and other fruits, as well as vegetables. These fruits are perfectly combined with apricot, pear, pumpkincarrots. In addition, for a growing baby, trying and other types of complementary foods, apples can be mixed with cottage cheese and sour milk drinks.
As in the case of applesauce, acquaintance with juices begins with products from green varieties of apples. The first juice for the baby is always selected clarified, and juice with pulp should be given a little later. Apple juice is often mixed with other juices, for example, apricot, pear, carrot, peach.
Apple juice is usually given to babies at lunchtime. The first portion of juice should be small, for example, half or even a quarter of a teaspoon. Under normal condition karapuz the next day, the amount of juice from the apple can be doubled.
Dr. Komarovsky believes that fiber is very important for the child, so when choosing "mashed potatoes or juice," preference should be given to the first. See the following video about this.
If the crumb has an increased risk of allergic reactions to new products, it is best to acquaint the baby with an apple in baked form. Preparing this apple is very simple. Washed and cleaned from the core of the fruit (do not remove the skin), place in a preheated oven. After 15 minutes, remove the apples, cool, then remove the pulp with a spoon, mash it a little in the cup and can give to the toddler.
The advantage of eating baked apples is easier digestion, and the disadvantage is the destruction of a certain amount of nutrients during heat treatment. After the introduction of the crumbs of cottage cheese into the diet, you can bake apples with him. By the 2nd anniversary of the crumbs, you can cook a baked apple with cinnamon and honey (of course, provided there is no allergy).
Giving an apple to a child in a solid form is not recommended, since apple slices can get into the respiratory tract, which can be dangerous to the life of the crumbs.
From dried apples you can cook comfort. This will be an excellent solution for the feeding of babies prone to allergies. Pour a few slices of dried apples with water and cook on the stove for 15 minutes after boiling. For the first samples, the drink should have only a light apple flavor. With a pronounced taste before serving compote dilute it with boiled water. For the first test, 1 tsp is enough for a child.
In the absence of allergies, increase the concentration of dried apples, and after a while try to introduce applesauce into the diet.
Tips for choosing
Carefully inspect the fruit and choose apples without brown spots and dots. To the touch quality apples should be quite strong. Do not buy soft fruits, as they may be rotten inside, frozen or with loose pulp.And be sure to smell the fruit - if the apple has a faint odor, then the taste is often not pronounced, and the unpleasant smell will tell you that the fruit has started to deteriorate.
To preserve the fruit, the apple is often smeared with a wax coating. It is better to buy apples without it, or peel off the skin before giving it to the child.
Opinion E. Komarovsky
Apples known pediatrician calls the best choice as the first fruit complementary foods for babies up to a year. Komarovsky advises not to introduce an apple into a children's diet not earlier than you find the first tooth in the mouth of a toddler. In addition, the popular physician focuses the attention of parents on the dangers of an apple, if given in a large piece.
When the baby gnaws a slice of an apple, it can bite off a large piece, as a result of which the crumb risks choking. So, if the baby does not suck the apple and does not scratch his gums, it is still early to give slices of this useful fruit to the crumbs, according to Komarovsky.
If you are afraid that the crumb will choke, we recommend using a special fishnet - a convenient device that has long been included in the list of things that facilitate the introduction of new products into the baby's diet.
On whether it is possible to increase the hemoglobin of the child with the help of apple juice, see in the next program.