Hypovitaminosis, anemia and rickets - these are just some of the possible consequences of digestive disorders. If for an adult, digestive problems may still seem like a simple nuisance, then for a child they often turn out to be critical, since it is at this stage that he should receive the maximum of useful substances necessary for the proper development of all body systems. Children's Pancreatin is one of the most versatile drugs that can bring the baby's digestive system in order.
Peculiarities of use by children
The function of digesting the consumed food to a state convenient for absorption into the bloodstream lies entirely on the gastric juice, but it does not always cope with the task. Food digestion is carried out with the help of enzymes, that is, the active elements of the gastric juice, which may be insufficient.
We see external manifestations of such violations, for example, in case of vomiting or diarrhea - in both cases it is absolutely obvious that the body does not accept what has been eaten, but if this happens, then the child’s body is left without useful substances that could be absorbed from these products.
Failure to obtain the necessary substances threatens serious developmental disorders, but even minor related events like the same diarrhea and dehydration are unlikely to please the body of a small patient.
It should be noted that children's Pancreatin differs from an adult - manufacturers and manufacturers often make tablets and capsules for children green as opposed to pink “adults”. This medicine can be given to a child from the moment when he reaches the age of 1 year, but only a doctor should decide on such measures, since this drug, like many others, is not without side effects, and the dosage should be calculated very accurately depending on age and weight.
Pancreatin is prescribed to infants very rarely. because of the high probability and power of side effects and only in a situation where the refusal of admission is guaranteed to entail even worse consequences. A vivid example of such a situation is cystic fibrosis - Acute genetic disorder that prevents the proper production of digestive juice and virtually eliminates the possibility of self-digestion without stimulation.
A characteristic feature of the drug is that its active ingredient loses its function during long-term interaction with gastric juice, so even tablets are produced in a protective shell.
Instructions for use
The main active ingredient of the drug is pancreatin itself - a mixture of enzymes derived from the pancreas of cattle and pigs; The composition is supplemented with a minor amount of auxiliary substances.
The main effect of the drug is not observed in the stomach, whose juice would have a negative effect on it, and in the small intestinewhere more complete assimilation of useful substances is provided. In fact, Pancreatin is an enzyme that the body for some reason does not produce.
Even a small overdose of Pancreatin can have the opposite effect in the form of constipation.
Although it is not recommended to drink most medications, Pancreatin should be washed down with a glass of water, because it has a certain irritating effect.
Doctors have developed a number of indications in which the use of Pancreatin is justified and necessary:
- If the digestive system is not functioning properly due to the failure to maintain a normal diet, in particular when eating excessive amounts of food, especially if it is unusual, fatty, or spicy.
- In the presence of a number of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract - as directly related to the violation of the production of enzymes, and complex ailments affecting the digestive system.
- To prepare a small patient for ultrasound and X-ray studies, where the functioning of the digestive tract must be intact.
- In the case of impaired development of the jaw, leading to the impossibility of normal chewing food for increased absorption of nutrients from adapted nutrient mixtures.
At the same time, during the acute stage of the diseases described, as well as during acute attacks of the symptoms of vomiting and diarrhea, this drug is contraindicated.
Some people also have individual intolerance to the main active ingredient or auxiliary additives, in connection with which they are prescribed any analogue.
Prescribed dosage of Pancreatin depends on the number of missing enzymes, and that, in turn, varies - it affects the child's age (the older he is, the more enzymes he has in general) and the neglect of the problem. Often, the amount of active ingredient in a single capsule or tablet is not measured in milligrams, but in units — for example, Pancreatin 8000 contains 8,000 units in each capsule.
Therefore, if the doctor prescribed 25 thousand units. per day - it means that it is necessary to drink 3 capsules, and if tablets were bought instead of them, then see how much active substance they contain. Milligrams should not be confused with units - 250 mg per tablet may differ in the number of units depending on the manufacturer.
According to the instructions, children at the age of 1-1.5 years are prescribed about 50 thousand units, for children at 2 years old - no more than 100 thousand. At an older age, the dose is already very dependent on the diagnosis, and for the convenience of parents, it is often indicated in capsules that must be taken with every meal. The table of recommendations for doctors looks like this:
- Children 4-5 years - 1 capsule.
- 6-7 years - from 1 to 2 capsules each time.
- 8-9 years - 2 capsules.
- 10-14 years - from 2 to 4 capsules.
It should once again be recalled that the capsules should not be opened as far as possible, so that in the case when their number is indicated unevenly (for example, 1-2), the doctor should develop the dosage so that the child always consumes a whole number of capsules but does not collide. with an overdose problem.
In the case of the youngest children (up to 3 years), the use of powder without a capsule is allowed - the latter is mixed into the drink. This can significantly reduce its effectiveness, so the dose must be calculated perfectly accurately.
Various negative effects of taking Pancreatin are relatively rare - that is why this drug is so popular among doctors and their patients. Side effects from taking this drug are usually the result of either an overdose, or use by children under one year of age, which this drug is prescribed only in critical cases.
If any of these symptoms occur, you should immediately inform your doctor.
Tangible irritation in the rectum, as well as the formation of adhesions. Pancreatin has a certain acne, therefore, it is recommended to drink it with a significant amount of water immediately after drinking. However, in significant quantities, it is capable of disrupting the integrity of the intestinal mucosa, which leads to discomfort, and with further disregard of the problem - and to more serious consequences.
A common metabolic disorder.If you use Pancreatin, the degree of assimilation of various minerals and other nutrients significantly improves, but if the problem is complex and concerns the entire metabolism, and the doctors noted only poor digestibility, this can lead to new problems.
The body needs not only to get useful elements, but also to remove them in a timely manner, but if this does not happen, the formation of potassium and sodium stones in the bladder is possible.
Typical signs of allergies are rashes on the skin, itching and burning, bronchial spasms, tearing, sneezing. Not only the active substance, but also auxiliary ingredients are capable of provoking an allergic reaction. In particular, adding lactose to powder for better absorption is a typical allergen, although it is absorbed by most people without problems.
Previously absent or increased bouts of nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Although the action of Pancreatin is aimed at blocking these symptoms, it can by itself cause them.
In case of individual intolerance to the active substance or other components of this drug, an organism that normally takes, but does not digest food, can repel the drug, which further aggravates the problem.
There are a number of factors that limit the use of Pancreatin itself - for example, individual intolerance to the active or auxiliary substances, certain contraindications to the use of this drug (both general and in combination with other drugs), its absence in pharmacies or the availability of cheaper analogues.
Among other things, among different manufacturers, even with different names, the composition of the medicine may approximately coincide, differing only in proportions, which makes it more convenient to calculate the exact dose of the drug for the child.
Among the advertised drugs of the same effect is most known. Mezim, received international recognition for its effectiveness, but with a higher cost. Of the most similar in composition drugs should be highlighted Creonwhich is several times more expensive due to its higher efficiency. There are also a number of other similar drugs - in particular, Festal, Normenzym, Panzinorm, Enzibene, Gastenorm.
If you rely not on the maximum proximity, but only partial coincidence in composition and general similarity of action, you can find dozens of different drugs, each of which has its own specificity and is not always a completely appropriate replacement for Pancreatin.
In any case, it is impossible to make a decision on replacing one drug with another, especially if it concerns a child’s health. No matter how authoritative the source (including ours), advising other drugs, such recommendations should be taken into consideration only in order to ask the doctor about the possibility of replacing one drug with another.
Replacement in some cases is permissible if it is recommended by a pharmacist at a pharmacy, appealing to the complete identity of the two drugs. It should again be recalled that even the best drugs may be contraindicated to individuals, therefore you can not prescribe a child to take this or that medicationwithout understanding medicine and not having the most detailed information about his state of health, starting only from the fact that a particular drug has helped dozens of friends
The opinion of parents of young patients about Pancreatin is distinguished mainly by positive assessments - the occurrence of side effects is almost always associated with taking the drug by children under the minimum age, which is warned in the instructions.The positive effect is more often observed, which was expected - an improvement in the condition of the small patient is noted, the correct metabolism is established, the symptoms of indigestion disappear.
The drug perfectly shows itself in the treatment of complex, complex diseases, well combined with other drugs - for example, according to the doctor’s prescription, it can be used simultaneously with Hilak Forte. Many parents of children indicate that it was Pancreatin that played a key role in the treatment of various intestinal infections common to babies, and also helped stabilize the child’s condition after exacerbation of pancreatitis.
As a huge advantage, most parents call low price of the drug - packaging in Russia at the end of 2017 costs no more than a few dozen rubles, and can contain up to 60 tablets.
Despite the fact that Pancreatin is significantly cheaper than most analogs, it usually provides a fairly noticeable result, even if it is slightly inferior to strong competitors.