When does the baby start to boom?


After the first smile, nothing else is perceived by adults with such enthusiasm as the walking of a baby. This is his first language, it is unique in its own way and is necessary for the formation of speech. We will tell about the timing and characteristics of the process in this material.

What it is?

Traditional medical sources interpret the walking as a stage of pre-verbal development. That is, so far this is not a speech, but no longer a scream with which the newborn communicated with the mother and other relatives for any reason, whether it is the desire to communicate or a wet diaper. At 2–3 months on average, children begin to roar, and this means that their need for crying is not so great. Shouting a child will now be on quite specific occasions when the presence and participation of an adult is an acute vital necessity (hunger, cold, pain). In other cases, the baby is strangling, and this can not but cause emotion.

The walking lasts about six months. Then the child moves smoothly to the stage of babbling and gets another step closer to human speech.

The child begins to scream, not because he wants it. It’s just the way nature works, and the skill itself is considered spontaneous. Usually the baby "gukat" in a state of rest when he is well, comfortable, when he is full, Often - only in the presence of adults, but sometimes kids do it with themselves.

At the very beginning of walking, the child makes short sounds, usually starting with vowels (“y”, “a”, “s”) and gradually moving to unite them with some consonants (“gu”, “ha”, “ma”). At 4 months, babies achieve such vocal skill that they begin to pronounce not only individual sounds and syllables, but also whole cascades of sounds. The stage of pre-verbal development following the walk is called babbling.

It is noteworthy that different children walk in almost the same way. In this beautiful tender age there are no nationalities, language barriers. But already by half a year, crumbs begin to make sounds that more and more resemble the sounds of their native language, as they hear and perceive it from parents and other adults. Experiments have shown that an adult Frenchman, Japanese or American is quite able to identify a child of the same nationality just by listening to the audio recording of such a baby's walking at 6–7 months.

Even if the child is deprived of the ability to hear, he is still walking. Some tots with hearing impairments even go through the initial stages of babbling. But then they need medical assistance and aids in speech recognition, otherwise they will not learn to speak.

Possible problems

When they reach a certain age, parents begin to wait for the crumbs of response sounds, but they may not be. There are children who are limited to only a short training period for future speech. They seem to try the sounds “to the taste”, pronounce the vowels and scare them themselves. Such babies can be silent, as partisans, at 5 and 6 months.

With fright or negative experience, as well as with a sudden illness, suddenly lost abilities to pronounce sounds can be associated. The child roared, for example, from 2 months, and at 4 months he stopped and was silent. Under the influence of fear, stress, or even the most common cold, which the baby suffered, he could temporarily forget a new skill.

The reason for the delay in the development of the disappearance or disappearance of the child may be the weak emotional development of the child: they communicate little with him, barely speak, pay insufficient attention to him. Making voice contact with the baby is not easy, but there is nothing impossible about it.Delay of mental and emotional development is indicated not only by the absence of gulling in principle, but also by monotonous “singing” and mooing at the age of 4–5 months and older. Normally, this age becomes emotionally tinged up: a child can say his “aga” both with pleasure and with annoyance, both demanding and affectionately, gently. In children with delayed development of the psyche and the formation of emotions, the emotional color of the sounds is almost absent.

The walking may be absent or very scarce, almost non-developing in children with autism. Babies with Down syndrome, with congenital dementia, children who have suffered severe head injuries, hemorrhages in the brain at birth, behave in a similar way. With the defeat of the center of speech neither guleniya, nor babbling can not be at all, as well as subsequent speech skills.

Later, premature babies begin to roar, as well as toddlers, who are often ill and therefore weak. Due to their nature, lazy children can also begin to roar a little later than their active and inquisitive peers. Rarely the reason for the lack of gueness, agukunya and babbling are anomalies of the structure of the vocal cords and vocal apparatus, since these anomalies themselves are relatively rare.

You can suspect hearing problems only at the babbling stage. Children who cannot listen and hear themselves do not go on to the particular babbling of certain syllables, stopping at the stage of vocal (chanting) vocalization.

How to teach?

Parents can contribute to the development of walking in the most direct way. You do not need to master any speech therapy techniques for this - you just need to communicate with the baby. Often a lot. For any reason, and without such. Whatever mom is doing (cooking, cleaning, ironing), she can comment out loud on her actions. The baby will listen attentively to her intonations, sounds and sooner or later will want to repeat them.

Speech therapists and speech therapists say that in order for a child to better understand an adult’s speech, you need to speak not quietly, but not loudly, because it is best recorded in the memory and perceived average frequencies of human speech.

If the baby often becomes an eyewitness to family quarrels, the mother often speaks in an irritated tone, raising his voice, then there is a chance that he will begin to learn the not with gentle, cautious, cooing sounds, but with shouts and squeals. Therefore, it is recommended that a child always speak in a friendly and even tone. From the age of two and three months, you should start making eye contact with the baby while speaking.

By pulling him a toy with the traditional “On” in such cases, the mother should try to look the child in the eyes and meet the return glance. If the child is mooing and not gulit, the mother should not imitate his sounds. In all other cases, it will be good if the mother begins to imitate the sounds of the baby. Such contact will be the beginning of a full-fledged speech development of the child.

Try to choose to talk minutes when the house is quiet. It is difficult to do in a noisy environment: the kid will be distracted by a working television, loud music or hornbub of voices and will simply shut up. That is why the youngest children in large families often suffer from delayed speech development.

In situations where the child only listens to an adult and does not attempt to imitate at all, they apply the so-called passive imitation techniques. Mom pronounces typical gu-gu-ha-ha and simultaneously opens the lower sponge with the thumb, repeating her own articulation. Gradually, the baby develops an understanding of the relationship between facial expression and outgoing sound. There is also a special speech therapy massage for babies. It consists in the vibration of the hands on the chest of the child, lightly touching the fingertips of his larynx and submandibular space.

Even if the baby persistently refuses to be pimped, do not leave classes and attempts. It so happens that, having passed the stage of walking, the baby, after 5–6 months, begins to babble and progresses rather quickly. To acquire pre-speech and speech skills, the ability to recognize adult speech is also important. Therefore, the mother should often ask the child questions and answer them herself, all interaction actions should be commented: “give”, “on”, “so”, “not so”, “that's it”. Short pointing combinations of sounds will help the child to quickly master the passive (internal) speech.

Unfortunately, parents often wait for the first “mom” or “dad” and do not attach much importance to other sounds and their combinations that the baby says. And the baby is waiting for approval and reaction, when he once again utters his “gu”, “bu”, etc. The more emotional and more attentive the parents react to the cooling, the faster the baby will move in the right direction of learning human speech.

The most difficult are the stages of walking and babbling bilingual children, who hear two languages ​​at once. By half a year, they themselves are usually "determined": in their babble they begin to dominate the sounds of the language that affects them more strongly. But there can be a mixture of sounds of two languages. With such guys you need to study in one language, only gradually (after a year) adding sounds and syllables of another language. The development of fine motor skills of the hands is also important for the development of pre-speech skills. Hand movements and the speech center are interrelated. And therefore, children from the age of two and three months should have enough differently to the touch objects (toys, rags) that will develop the tactile sensations of the fingers. By the first half of the year pyramids and children's cubes will be useful, safe sorter without small details.

Very effective for children who were quivering, but then suddenly fell silent under the influence of certain factors from the outside, there may be a technique of “imitating myself”: a child includes an audio recording of his own quenching, made earlier. Listening encourages the baby to remember the skill and continue its development.

Opinion of Dr. Komarovsky

Yevgeny Komarovsky, a pediatrician and TV presenter, whose opinion is very important for millions of mothers around the world, argues that the absence of walking at 3.4, 5 or even 6 months is not yet a reason for panic and a comprehensive medical examination of a child. If all the other skills of the baby are age appropriate, if he has an excellent appetite, healthy sleep, he smiles and clearly recognizes relatives, then you should not think about the bad ones. The baby just needs time.

Komarovsky strongly warns of the danger of baby talk. Mom can imitate his babbling or strolling only up to six months. Then you need to start to communicate with the child as with an adult.Otherwise, the crumb can “stuck” for a long time in babbling, and then the parents will have a new problem - how to teach him to speak like a human being in his 1.5-2 years.

The main "teachers" in matters of speech development, according to Komarovsky, are the love and benevolence of adults, as well as constant repetition, which will help memorize the first syllables and words.

In the next video, Dr. Komarovsky will examine two main questions that most parents care about: is it worth to sound the alarm if the child is in his development a little does not fit into accepted norms, and what could be a significant deviation from these norms.

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