Elokom for children: instructions for use
With some skin diseases, hormonal medications that quickly eliminate redness, rashes, itching and other negative symptoms have to be used. One of these drugs is Elok. So that he does not harm the child, you need to know when its use is justified and what dosages are used in children.
Composition and dosage form
In pharmacies called "Elokom" you can buy two drugs.
- Cream. It is packed in tubes of 15 and 30 grams and is almost a white soft homogeneous mass, which is well absorbed.
- Ointment. It is also available in tubes containing 15 or 30 grams of medication. The medication itself has a white color and a thicker, but homogeneous consistency.
Both forms of the preparation contain mometasone furoate as an active ingredient. The amount of such a compound in 1 gram of the drug is 1 mg, that is, both cream and ointment are 0.1% remedy.
In addition, white beeswax and water, as well as phosphoric acid, hexylene glycol and petrolatum are included in both versions of "Elocom". In addition, among the auxiliary components of the ointment is propylene glycol stearate, and in the composition of the cream - titanium dioxide, soy lecithin (hydrogenated) and aluminum starch.
Separately produced solution, which is called "Elok Lotion." It has a yellowish tint, but more often this means is colorless. The main component of this solution is also represented by mometasone in the same form (furoate) and concentration (1 mg / 1 g). It is supplemented with sodium dihydrogen phosphate, hyprolose, propylene glycol, water, phosphoric acid and isopropanol. "Elokom Lotion" is sold in plastic bottles, equipped with a dropper. In one bottle is 30 ml of solution.
In addition to these drugs, Elokom-C ointment can be found on the market. Its main difference is the presence in the composition of the second active substance - salicylic acid. The amount of this ingredient in 1 gram of this ointment is 50 mg, and the dosage of mometasone furoate is the same as in the usual “Elocom”.
The list of excipients of the drug "Elokom-C" and ointment "Elokom" also coincides, with the exception of phosphoric acid, which is not in "Elokom-C". The product is sold in aluminum or plastic tubes containing 15 or 45 grams of white homogeneous mass.
The main ingredient of "Elocom" is a glucocorticoid hormone, so the medicine has a strong anti-inflammatory effect. After treatment with an ointment or cream, the exudation of the tissues is reduced and the itching disappears. Such effects are associated with the ability of mometasone to activate the synthesis of proteins that block the formation of prostaglandins and leukotrienes (special substances that are released during inflammation).
The absorption of the drug into the blood is insignificant and, depending on the dosage form, is no more than 0.4-0.7% after lubrication of intact skin.
"Elokom" is in demand with an active inflammatory process in the skin, which can be affected by local glucocorticoids. The drug is prescribed for:
- atopic dermatitis;
- red lichen;
- contact allergic dermatitis;
- seborrheic dermatitis;
- itching after insect bite;
- solar urticaria and other diseases.
If skin areas on which hair grows are affected, it is preferable to use Elok Lotion.
At what age is children prescribed?
All forms of "Elocom", according to the instructions, can be used in children older than 2 years. Use in babies of the first years of life is not recommended, as there is not enough data on the safety of mometasone for such young patients.
It is forbidden to use "Elokom" in children with:
- hypersensitivity to mometasone or any auxiliary component;
- perioral dermatitis;
- bacterial skin lesions;
- infection of the skin by fungus or viruses;
- negative reaction to vaccination;
- skin lesions with syphilis;
- pink acne.
If you need to process large areas of skin or there is a need to apply the product to your face, you need the control of a doctor.
After treatment with Elocom, local reactions may occur in the form of:
- burning sensations;
- enhance hair growth;
- prickly heat;
- stretch marks and other changes.
If you use an allergy medication on large areas of the skin or cover the oiled area with an occlusive dressing, Elokom can also cause systemic negative effects, including adrenal insufficiency.
Instructions for use
Processing cream or ointment is carried out once a day. The drug should be applied in a very thin layer and in children it is used in a minimum amount. "Elokom Lotion" is also applied to the skin only once a day, a few drops, and then triturated before absorption. Treatment with Elokom-S ointment is recommended twice a day. The duration of use of any of the forms of "Elocom" depends on the tolerability of the drug, its effectiveness and the occurrence of side effects.
Overdose and drug interactions
If you exceed the dosage "Elokoma" may have a negative effect on the adrenal glands and hypothalamus. If the treatment was long, the medication should be withdrawn gradually. As for compatibility with other medicines, the manufacturer does not give any information about this.
Terms of sale and storage
To purchase Elocom in a pharmacy, you need to get a prescription from a doctor. The price of the drug, depending on the form and amount of the drug starts from 70-80 rubles. For a tube of drug "Elokom-S", containing 15 g of medication, you need to pay about 780-820 rubles.
The shelf life of the drug is 2 years for the cream and 3 years for the ointment. Elokom Lotion has a shelf life of 3 years, and Elokom-S ointment is 2 years. While the date marked on the tube or vial has not passed, it is necessary to keep the preparations at home at a temperature below 25 degrees Celsius.
The use of “Elocom” in childhood is mostly positive, calling such a tool fast and effective. The disadvantages of the drug include its hormonal basis, a large list of contraindications and the risk of side effects.
Another local remedy that also contains glucocorticoid hormones, such as "Advantan”,“ Momat ”,“ Beloderm ”,“ Lokoid ”,“ Kutivate ”or“ Sinoderm ”. Some of these drugs are used even in infants, but only under the supervision of a specialist.
In addition, instead of "Elokoma", non-hormonal drugs with anti-inflammatory effects can be prescribed for some diseases, among which Protopic,Elidel"And"Sudokrem". Although they are devoid of the disadvantages of hormone-based drugs, it is also not recommended to use them in children without pediatrician consultation.
For more information about the drug "Elokom" for children, see the following video.