Dr. Komarovsky about the child's menu at 10-12 months
Baby for almost a year. At this age, some children are already eating everything that is badly lying, others are still breastfed with a little lure. Special features development The digestion of the baby at this age already allows him to eat a lot, but not all. And how his parents make up the daily ration of the toddler, depends on his state of health. A well-known doctor and author of books and articles on children's health, Yevgeny Komarovsky, explains how and how to feed a child between the ages of 10 and 12 months correctly.
At the age of 10-11 months in children already, there are usually several teethBut that’s why mom no longer needs to grind everything thoroughly and turn it into puree. An apple cut into small pieces or a pear grated on a coarse grater will bring much more benefit than swallowed up in a quick, uniform puree of these fruits.
At this age, according to Evgeny Komarovsky, the kid should be given the opportunity to actively develop chewing reflex. This is very important for the digestive system to work properly. It is also important to give the crumbs a spoon and a glass, he should already learn to use these devices, try to eat on his own, get used to the large adult table.
There is no longer any biological need to feed by the hour, but mom should work to get the baby to wake up at 7-8 in the morning, and therefore during the day she should distribute food in such a way that the child can eat and sleep at night.
While the nutrition of "normal" food still has to alternate with the usual crumbs of my mother's breast or adapted milk formulas.if the child is on bottle feeding, but with each month before the first anniversary of the child's biological need for breast milk is rapidly decreasing. Komarovsky believes that after 12 months breastfeeding should be stopped, bottle feeding should also be gradually abandoned, although special mixtures with an age mark of 12+ can be fed up to one and a half to two years. The main thing to remember is that at this age neither milk nor mixtures completely satisfy all the needs of a growing organism.
In the diet of the crumbs at this age should already be products such as fish, meat, cottage cheese, fruit, chicken or quail yolks (no more than one and a half chicken yolks a week), clean drinking water and juices from drinks, but of exceptional home cooking, are desirable. without dyes and preservatives (no more than 100 ml. per day). Well cook baby compotes, jelly, make fruit drinks.
Evgeny Komarovsky recommends something like this:
- 7.00 - the child just woke up and while his body is not configured to receive a complex meal. Therefore, it is best to give your baby the usual breast milk or adapted formula.
- 10.00-11.00 - low-fat kefir (about 120-150 ml) and cottage cheese (no more than 30 grams).
- 14.00 - 15.00 - vegetable soup or vegetable puree on meat broth (about 200 grams).
- 18.00 - breast milk or formula.
- 22.00 - milk cereal porridge in a volume of up to 200 ml. Porridge must be nourishing so that the child can get enough and sleep better.
In the night feeding a child aged 10 months does not need.
By product set, it differs little from the menu for a 10-month-old toddlerPerhaps, at this age it is recommended to add vegetable oil to the diet (not more than 1 teaspoon per day), adding to various foods. All dishes are better to cook, stew or cook for a couple. Meat and fish in the soup or mashed potatoes no longer need to wipe, just chop finely or split into fibers.
In the soup, you can add pasta (in small quantities), you can boil baby crumbs vermicelli. Dietary regimen Evgeny Komarovsky recommends adhering to the same as a month earlier.
At the age of one year, one should slightly correct the diet; it is advisable to “shift” the last meal and carry it out a little earlier (not at 22-23 hours, but at 20.00, in extreme cases at 21 o'clock). It is not necessary to introduce whole cow's milk, for this is still a bit early. But it is already possible and necessary to add soups in fish broth, as well as a small piece of bread for dinner.
With bread, you need to be careful - fresh yeast is better not to give, it is more difficult to digest. Perfectly fit a piece that has lain in the breadbox for 1-2 days.
Introducing a new product for the child, carefully watch him. Start with small portions, literally with 1-2 teaspoons. With an inadequate response of the body to a new delicacy, you should remove the new dishes from the diet.
Keep a diary of complementary foods, write down what and when the child ate for the first time, in the future it will help you quickly understand what kind of product allergy occurred.
Children under one year old should not be given food that is not familiar to their latitudinal strip (if a child lives in Siberia, then oranges are not needed, and residents of the south of the country can hardly feed their baby with Far Eastern fish).
The most interesting about the introduction of baby foods can be viewed in the next video of Dr. Komarovsky.
Recipes for a child from 10 to 12 months
Oatmeal with dried apricots
Cook the usual oatmeal on water with the addition of a small amount of baby milk or adapted mixture. Add butter to the tip of the knife and close the lid. In the finished grist, finely chop the previously thoroughly washed dried apricots.
In meat broth (from lean meat), boil finely chopped pieces of potatoes, zucchini, grated carrots without the addition of spices and bay leaves. From the mince (beef), roll a few small meatballs and run them into the cooking soup 15 minutes before the end of cooking.
Buckwheat porridge with apple
Cook boiled buckwheat porridge, each grain should be boiled soft. Add some butter to the porridge. Grate a green apple on a coarse grater, add to warm porridge before serving to keep a maximum of vitamins.
In the meat or fish broth, boil the potato pieces, cabbage, carrots, zucchini, pumpkin. When all the vegetables are ready, drain the broth, add a little butter and turn into a smooth mash with a blender. In the finished mashed potatoes add chopped boiled lean meat cut into small pieces.
Boil pieces of cauliflower in salted water, drain, add a little butter and half a boiled chicken yolk and pass through a blender. Before serving, mash up some finely chopped meat or fish.
Cottage cheese mix with a spoonful of sour cream, a small amount of sugar and grated apple. Add half raw chicken yolk. Make small pancakes from the resulting mass and bake them on baking paper in the oven until done. Check the stage of readiness can be using a toothpick (if it remains dry, you're done). This dish is great as a hearty and healthy afternoon snack.
Add a little salted minced meat or fish mince, add half of raw chicken yolk, form cutlets and cook in a double boiler for about 40 minutes.
Dr. Komarovsky will talk about the variety of baby food in the next video.